Recognized Medical Guidelines

Medical Standards

 Please note that the new  Resuscitation Guidelines (ILCOR) will be released on 15th October 2015.


IFACC accepted and applied medical standards published by the:

  • International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR),
  • American Heart Association (AHA),
  • Australian and New Zealand Committee on Resuscitation (ANZCOR),
  • Resuscitation Council of Southern Africa (RCSA),
  • Resuscitation Council of Asia (RCA),
  • European Resuscitation Council (ERC),
  • Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada (HSFC),
  • InterAmerican Heart Foundation (IHAF),
  • International Trauma Life Support (ITLS)

More information

ILCOR

The International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR) was formed in 1992 to provide an opportunity for the major organizations in resuscitation to work together on CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation) and ECC (Emergency Cardiovascular Care) protocols. The name was chosen in 1996 to be a deliberate play on words relating to the treatment of sick hearts - "ill cor" (cor is latin for heart).
ILCOR is composed of the American Heart Association (AHA), the European Resuscitation Council (ERC), the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada (HSFC), the Australian and New Zealand Committee on Resuscitation, the Resuscitation Councils of Southern Africa (RCSA), the Resuscitation Councils of Asia (RCA) and the Inter American Heart Foundation (IAHF).

Mission statement
"To provide a consensus mechanism by which the international science and knowledge relevant to emergency cardiac care can be identified and reviewed. This consensus mechanism will be used to provide consistent international guidelines on emergency cardiac care for Basic Life Support (BLS), Paediatric Life Support (PLS) and Advanced Life Support (ALS). While the major focus will be upon treatment guidelines, the steering committee will also address the effectiveness of educational and training approaches and topics related to the organisation and implementation of emergency cardiac care. The Committee will also encourage coordination of dates for guidelines development and conferences by various national resuscitation councils. These international guidelines will aim for a commonality supported by science for BLS, ALS and PLS".

Objectives
The objectives of ILCOR are to:
  • Provide a forum for discussion and for coordination of all aspects of cardiopulmonary and cerebral resuscitation worldwide.
  • Foster scientific research in areas of resuscitation where there is a lack of data or where there is controversy.
  • Provide for dissemination of information on training and education in resuscitation.
  • Provide a mechanism for collecting, reviewing and sharing international scientific data on resuscitation.
  • Produce as appropriate statements on specific issues related to resuscitation that reflect international consensus.
Activities
ILCOR meets twice each year usually alternating between a venue in the United States and a venue elsewhere in the world. ILCOR produced the first International CPR Guidelines in 2000, and revised protocols in 2005 (published concurrently in the scientific journals Resuscitation and Circulation). A total of 281 experts completed 403 worksheets on 275 topics, reviewing more than 22000 published studies to produce the 2005 revision.

The standard revisions cycle for resuscitation is five years. The next is therefore scheduled to be in 2015.

website: www.ilcor.org
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AHA

The American Heart Association (AHA) is a non-profit organization in the United States that fosters appropriate cardiac care in an effort to reduce disability and deaths caused by cardiovascular disease and stroke. Originally formed in New York City in 1915 as the Association for the Prevention and Relief of Heart Disease, it is currently headquartered in Dallas, Texas. The American Heart Association is a national voluntary health agency.


They are known for publishing standards on basic life support and advanced cardiac life support (ACLS), and in 2014 issued its first guidelines for preventing strokes in women. They are known also for operating a number of highly visible public service campaigns starting in the 1970s, and also operate a number of fundraising events. In 1994, the Chronicle of Philanthropy, an industry publication, released a study that showed the American Heart Association was ranked as the 5th "most popular charity/non-profit in America". Elliott Antman, M.D., is president of the American Heart Association for its 2014-15 fiscal year.

The Mission
The American Heart Association publishes a standard for providing basic and advanced life support, including standards for proper performance of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). The AHA offers the most widely accepted certification for basic life support (BLS). The AHA is now also a provider of training for first aid, in addition to CPR. The AHA also operates an affiliated organization, the American Stroke Association, which states they focus on "care, research and prevention of strokes".

website: www.heart.org
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ARC
The Australian Resuscitation Council is a voluntary co-ordinating body which represents all major groups involved in the teaching and practice of resuscitation. The Australian Resuscitation Council is sponsored by the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons and the Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists. The Australian Resuscitation Council produces Guidelines to meet its objectives in fostering uniformity and simplicity in resuscitation techniques and terminology. Guidelines are produced after consideration of all available scientific and published material and are only issued after acceptance by all member organisations. This does not imply, however, that methods other then those recommended are ineffective.

website: www.resus.org.au


RCSA
The Resuscitation Council of Southern Africa is a voluntary co-ordinating body whose primary aim is to foster and co-ordinate the practice and teaching of resuscitation, and to promote uniformity and standardization of resuscitation techniques.

The Objectives of the Resuscitation Council of Southern Africa are:
  • To gather and collate as much scientific information regarding resuscitation techniques from as wide a variety of sources as possible, and to disseminate this information to all interested parties.
  • To provide an advisory and resource service regarding techniques, equipment, teaching methods and teaching aids.
  • To foster research into methods of practice and teaching of resuscitation.
  • To pursue the development of standards for resuscitation equipment and to provide simplicity and uniformity in techniques and terminology regarding resuscitation.
  • To establish regular communications with other bodies with similar objectives, both in Southern Africa and abroad, and to provide a forum for discussion of all aspects of resuscitation.
The methods of implementing the Aims & Objectives of the Resuscitation Council of Southern Africa are:
  • To develop and publish policy statements which can be used as guidelines towards standardization of resuscitation procedures in Southern Africa.
  • To review world literature and research in resuscitation.
  • To review and update policies by a process of consultation with member bodies and other experts.
  • To act as a resource for anyone wanting authoritative material on the subject.
  • To advise publishers of inaccurate or inappropriate resuscitation material.
  • To review resuscitation material and equipment.

website: www.resuscitationcouncil.co.za


RCA
The Resuscitation Council of Asia (RCA) was founded on July 17th, 2005 at the “TACHIBANA” Hall in Aichi Medical University, Japan. The founding members of RCA include the Japan Resuscitation Council (JRC) (founded 2000), Korean Association of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (KACPR) (founded 2002), National Resuscitation Council of Singapore (NRCS) (founded 1998) and the National Resuscitation Council of Taiwan (NRCT) (founded 2000). In 2010 and 2011, the Council of CPR, Philippines Heart Association (founded 1982) and the Thai Resuscitation Council, the Heart Association of Thailand (founded 1999) joined RCA. The Resuscitation Council of Hong Kong and Penang CPR society also joined the RCA family, in 2012 and 2014 respectively, as associate members. In 2006, RCA became an official member of the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR).

website: resuscitationcouncil.asia

ERC
The European Resuscitation Council (ERC) is the European Interdisciplinary Council for Resuscitation Medicine and Emergency Medical Care. It was established in 1989. The ERC's objective is "To preserve human life by making high quality resuscitation available to all". The ERC is the network of National Resuscitation Councils in Europe.

website: www.erc.edu

HSFC

The Heart and Stroke Foundation’s mission is to prevent disease, save lives and promote recovery. Our vision is a world where Canadians live healthy lives free of heart disease and stroke. The Heart and Stroke Foundation is a volunteer-based health charity active in communities across the country. We are sustained by the commitment and generosity of more than 125,000 volunteers and more than 1.4 million donors.

website: www.heartandstroke.com

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IHAF

The InterAmerican Heart Program was created in September 1992 under the auspice of the World Heart Federation with the support of the American Heart Association, the Heart & Stroke Foundation of Canada, the Interamerican Society of Cardiology, and heart foundations and societies throughout the American continents. On April 17, 1994, in Mexico City, 21 participants representing 12 countries in the Americas signed a Statement of Intent to become members of the organization they named "InterAmerican Heart Foundation whose mission was to reduce disability and death from cardiovascular diseases and stroke in the Americas." Since then, 36 heart foundations have ratified their membership, and the numbers are growing. These organizations are committed to working together toward a unified mission.

website: www.interamericanheart.org
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ITLS
International Trauma Life Support (ITLS) is a global not-for-profit organization dedicated to preventing death and disability from trauma through education and emergency trauma care. Founded in 1985 as Basic Trauma Life Support International, ITLS adopted a new name in 2005 to better reflect its global role and impact. Today, ITLS has more than 90 chapters and training centres in over 35 countries around the world. ITLS is the only prehospital trauma program endorsed by the American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP). ITLS is accepted internationally as the standard training course for pre-hospital trauma care. Not only are courses taught as a continuing education option, but they are also used as essential curricula in many paramedic, EMT and first responder training programs.

website: www.itrauma.org
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